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Climate Change, Graphing


3rd, 4th, 5th


Science, Earth and Space Sciences, Mathematics


55 minutes

Regional Focus



Google Docs, Google Sheets, Google Slides


This lesson plan is licensed under Creative Commons.

Creative Commons License

How Can We Conserve Energy? (Renewable Energy #2)

Created By Teachers:
Last Updated:
Apr 24, 2024
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In this lesson, students reflect on their personal energy use, make a bar graph to analyze data from the class, and create a conservation poster for display. 

Step 1 - Inquire: Students use their personal energy audits to create a bar graph.

Step 2 - Investigate: Students create an inspirational conservation poster.

Step 3 - Inspire: Students display their conservation posters around the classroom or school.

Accompanying Teaching Materials
Teaching Tips


  • This lesson includes using a spreadsheet to create a bar graph. This may be the first time students learn this skill.
  • Creating a conservation poster is a great way for students to feel empowered to take immediate climate action.

Additional Prerequisites

  • This is lesson 2 of 6 in our 3rd-5th grade Renewable Energy unit.
  • When you are collecting data for the spreadsheets and graphs, some students may respond that they spent 1,440 minutes using energy (which is the total amount of minutes in a day) due to use of electricity for refrigerators or the heating and cooling of their homes. Although true, having multiple data points of 1,440 minutes is not useful. Have them come up with a lower estimate.


  • Some students may have difficulty with data entry when adding numbers to their spreadsheet. It may be best to create groups of students so they can check each other's progress to make sure it is correct.
  • It may be best to allow students to create conservation posters individually or with a partner.
  • Some students may want to create conservation posters using digital tools like Canva or Adobe Spark.
Scientist Notes

This lesson is suitable to build the capacity of students to understand energy sources and what they can power, to compute and audit their daily energy consumption, to share their energy footprint in group activities, and to raise awareness on energy consumption to a wide audience by creating a conservation poster. This lesson has passed our science review process and is recommended for classroom use.


This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

Primary Standard

  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • 4-ESS3-1. Obtain and combine information to describe that energy and fuels are derived from natural resources and that their uses affect the environment.

Supporting Standards

  • Mathematics
    • Data Literacy (K-5)
      • 3.DL.B.3 Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. For example, draw a bar graph in which each square in the bar graph might represent 5 pets.
  • English Language Arts
    • Writing (K-12)
      • W.IW.3.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
      • W.IW.4.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
      • W.IW.5.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

Note On Standards:

This lesson is aligned to SubjectToClimate standards. Review the aligned standards directly in the lesson plan document and teacher slideshow.

Discover more on SubjectToClimate.
Renewable Energy Unit Lesson Plans


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