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Poetry Writing


11th, 12th


English Language Arts


90 minutes

Regional Focus



Google Docs, Google Slides


This lesson plan is licensed under Creative Commons.

Creative Commons License

Literature Through Nature

Created By Teacher:
Last Updated:
Feb 28, 2024
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In this lesson, students explore the concept of ecocriticism, analyze a brief text, and write a short poem with an ecocritical lens.

Step 1 - Inquire: Students take a virtual or actual nature walk and take notes on their observations.

Step 2 - Investigate: Students learn about literary criticism, take notes on ecocriticism, and analyze a short story through the lens of ecocriticism.

Step 3 - Inspire: Students write a short poem using notes from their nature walk and write a brief artist statement through the lens of ecocriticism.

Accompanying Teaching Materials
Teaching Tips


  • This lesson aligns with Hawai‘i’s Nā Hopena A'o HĀ-Breat Framework.

  • This lesson provides multiple opportunities for student choice. Students choose the type of poem they write and the emotion they wish to convey.

  • This lesson allows students to use SEL skills like mindfulness when they are on their nature walk.

  • This lesson has multiple opportunities for collaboration and sharing, such as writing artist statements and analyzing the short story.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should have a solid understanding of and ability to identify literary devices.

  • Students should be able to analyze texts to consider how the author’s choices affect the audience.


  • Students can analyze the short story in small groups.

  • Teacher can clarify the guidelines for the poem if needed.

  • Teacher can require students to write a particular type of poem (e.g., haiku, sonnet). 

  • Teacher can consider publishing the student poems in a school newspaper or literary magazine.

Scientist Notes

The way humans view and interact with nature may change as a result of climate change. This lesson allows students to write a poem to evoke a feeling in the reader about nature in order to encourage them to take climate action. By coming up with original ways to write about nature, they will develop the fundamental abilities needed to become ecocritics. After thoroughly fact-checking all the information, this lesson passed our review in terms of science.


This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

Supporting Standards

  • English Language Arts
    • Reading: Literature (K-12)
      • RL.11-12.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence and make relevant connections to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.
      • RL.11-12.2 Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to produce a complex account; provide an objective summary of the text.
      • RL.11-12.3 Analyze the impact of the author's choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama (e.g., where a story is set, how the action is ordered, how the characters are introduced and developed).

Note On Standards:

This lesson is aligned to SubjectToClimate standards. Review the aligned standards directly in the lesson plan document and teacher slideshow.

Discover more on SubjectToClimate.
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