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Organisms: Life and Growth


K, 1st, 2nd


Science, Biology, Visual and Performing Arts


105 minutes

Regional Focus



Google Docs, Google Slides


This lesson plan is licensed under Creative Commons.

Creative Commons License

Salt and Plants (Water and Plant Survival #4)

Created By Teacher:
Last Updated:
Apr 24, 2024
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In this lesson, students reflect on how salt affects plants, learn how some communities are finding ways to grow plants in saltier conditions, and create a mural to share their learning with the community.

Step 1 - Inquire: Students reflect on the results of the experiment in Lesson 3 and the effects of salt on plants.

Step 2 - Investigate: Students read about the effects of salinity on crops around the world and consider the requirements for plant survival in a different context.

Step 3 - Inspire: Students combine knowledge from Lessons 1-4 of the unit and create a mural to educate their community.

Accompanying Teaching Materials
Teaching Tips


  • This lesson creates a collaborative learning environment for students to share information about their learning with their community.

  • Students do an art experiment to learn how salt affects plants.

  • Students think about plant adaptations and changes to landscapes over time.

Additional Prerequisites

  • This is lesson 4 of 4 in our K-2nd grade Water and Plant Survival unit.

  • It is necessary to prepare materials for the Inquire section before class: 

    • Distribute 3 containers of water to each group. 

    • Add 2-3 drops of food coloring to each container to make red, yellow, and green paint. Alternatively, students can use watercolor paints.

    • Distribute paintbrushes or manipulatives to paint with (ex. plant material, grasses, leaves, sponges, or Q-tips).

    • Distribute cardstock for each student.

    • Prepare a small container of salt for each table, but do not distribute it until it is time for students to sprinkle the salt on their paintings.

  • In the Investigate section, students will read about farming in Bangladesh and Pakistan. The texts explain that both countries are in Asia, but you may want to show students where the countries are located on a globe or a world map to give them a more precise understanding of the countries' locations.

  • Students need a large section of butcher paper for the final version of their group’s mural. Additional materials may include markers, paint, or crayons.


  • Students can read on their own using the leveled texts about Bangladesh or Pakistan, or the teacher can read aloud to the whole group using the Farming in Bangladesh slides.

  • Students can dictate their ideas to an adult to write about the mural.

  • Students can answer specific questions about the mural one by one or work to put their ideas in paragraph form using either option in the Individual Writing Sheet.

  • Possible extension: Share the mural with a group or organization in the community by displaying it in the neighborhood, in a city building, in a store, or in another school.

Scientist Notes

Soil is an important component for plants' survival. This lesson allows students to evaluate the impact of saline soil on plant growth. It explores two country case studies on ways farmers adapt to soil salinity to grow crops, especially testing out crops that can tolerate saline conditions. This lesson has passed the science credibility process and is recommended for teaching.


This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

Supporting Standards

  • Visual & Performing Arts
    • Visual Arts: Standard 3 - Refining and completing products.
      • 1.5.2.Cr3a: Explain the process of making art, using art vocabulary. Discuss and reflect with peers about choices made while creating art.
    • Visual Arts: Standard 7 - Perceiving and analyzing products.
      • 1.5.2.Re7b: Describe, compare and categorize visual artworks based on subject matter and expressive properties.
    • Visual Arts: Standard 10 - Synthesizing and relating knowledge and personal experiences to create products.
      • 1.5.2.Cn10a: Create art that tells a story or describes life events in home, school and community.
  • Science
    • LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
      • K-LS1-1. Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.
    • LS4: Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
      • 2-LS4-1. Make observations of plants and animals to compare the diversity of life in different habitats.
  • English Language Arts
    • Writing (K-12)
      • W.IW.K.2 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts to convey ideas.
      • W.IW.1.2 With prompts and support, write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information.
      • W.IW.2.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information.

Note On Standards:

This lesson is aligned to SubjectToClimate standards. Review the aligned standards directly in the lesson plan document and teacher slideshow.

Discover more on SubjectToClimate.


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