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Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Economics, Justice

Resource Type

  • Article

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - Midwest, Wisconsin, Northwoods (CESA 9, 10, 11, 12), Lake Michigan & Fox/Wolf Watershed (CESA 6, 7, 8), Metro (CESA 1, 6)

Coastal Resilience Working Group

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  • This article discusses how climate change could impact coastal communities in Wisconsin if heavy precipitation continues to increase, ice cover continues to decline, and coastal flooding increases as expected.
  • Students will learn that extreme precipitation could lead to bluff slope instability, further ice cover decline would leave Wisconsin's coastline vulnerable to dangerous amounts of wave energy, and increases in coastal flooding could cause infrastructure damage.
Teaching Tips


  • This article provides climate adaptation strategies for coastal communities in Wisconsin.
  • This article precisely details the threats facing Wisconsin's coastline.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should know what bluffs are and why they're important.
  • Students should know what ice cover is, why it matters, and how climate change impacts it.


  • If the article is being shown in a Zoom lesson, the teacher could annotate and explain key words, phrases, and concepts in order to enhance comprehension. 
  • Teachers could have students read this article at home to prepare for an in-class discussion on the socioeconomic challenges posed by climate change.
  • Students could use this article for an informative essay on climate adaptation strategies that communities can employ.
  • This article could support a lesson on the American government's approach to fossil fuels since the 20th century and how that approach is impacting us today.
Scientist Notes
This is a thorough summary of the issues facing the coastlines of the Great Lakes as a result of climate change. The page is thoroughly sourced with all resources catalogued at the bottom of the page. This resource is recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • English Language Arts
    • Reading: Informational Text (K-12)
      • RI.11-12.2 Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development and how they interact to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
    • ETS1: Engineering Design
      • HS-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
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