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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Data

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Global Primary Energy Consumption by Source

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  • This interactive and colorful chart shows the global primary energy consumption by source.
  • Data begins in the year 1800 and includes traditional biomass, coal, oil, gas, nuclear, hydropower, wind, solar, modern biofuels, and other renewables.
  • Various related resources and data are linked on the page.

Teaching Tips


  • The chart can be downloaded as a PNG or SVG image and CSV file.


  • Students should be familiar with these terms: natural resources, renewable energy, nonrenewable energy, and energy consumption.


  • Some assistance may be needed for younger students to read this graph and to understand the different variables.
  • These students could also use a graphic organizer that explains different energy sources.
  • Have students research and discuss ways they can be actively involved in cutting their own energy consumption by creating a "no energy waste" poster.
  • Ask students to discuss and analyze the data presented in the chart with partners.
  • Encourage students to use their persuasive speaking skills to convince their classmates that renewable energy is better than fossil fuels.
  • As an extension, students can create an optimal renewable energy consumption plan for a community that meets specific criteria, conduct research on a specific country and its energy consumption, or have students pick one of the energy sources to complete a jigsaw activity.
Scientist Notes
Method used for energy conversion is appropriate. The resource is suitable and recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • Mathematics
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-5. Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
      • HS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
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