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Long Island Sound Study


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Biology, Earth and Space Sciences, Engineering

Resource Type

  • Articles and Websites

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - Northeast, Connecticut, New York, Long Island

Habitat and Wildlife Monitoring

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  • This article examines a measurement tool used in coastal marshes, the location and ecological importance of eelgrass, and how fish populations are monitored in the Long Island Sound.
  • Students will learn that a Surface Elevation Table is useful for analyzing wetland sediments, eelgrass meadows give fish a place to forage, and a trawl survey is a process for monitoring fish populations in the Long Island Sound.
Teaching Tips


  • The article includes helpful photos and graphics to assist with comprehension.
  • This article contains contact information for those who want to monitor Westchester and Long Island fish populations.

Additional Prerequisites

  • It may help if students understand the environmental impacts of sea level rise.
  • Some students may benefit from having the terms embayment, peat, and watershed defined before reading the article. English language learners may benefit from having additional words defined.


  • To assess prior knowledge, the teacher can ask the class questions about the Long Island Sound and see if anyone has visited.
  • This article can enhance a classroom discussion on environmental stewardship and the ecological impacts of human activity.
  • This article can support a lesson on various aquatic ecosystems, their ecological importance, and how these ecosystems are impacted by climate change.
  • Students can research how pollution or sea level rise impacts local species and present their findings to the class.
Scientist Notes
This resource from the Long Island Sound Study provides a brief discussion about the impact of sea level rise on coastal marshes. The article discusses monitoring strategies and flora and fauna surveys. This information comes from a reputable source and can build on a classroom discussion about the effects of climate change on sea level rise.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

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    • U.S. History: America in the World - Geography, People, and the Environment
      • 6.1.12.GeoHE.14.a: Evaluate the impact of individual, business, and government decisions and actions on the environment and climate change and assess the efficacy of government policies and agencies in New Jersey and the United States in addressing these decisions.
  • Science
    • LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
      • HS-LS2-7. Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity.
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