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Author

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

Grades

9th, 10th, 11th, 12th

Subjects

Science, Earth and Space Sciences, Engineering

Resource Types

  • Article
  • Scientific Papers or Reports

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - Northeast, New Jersey

Format

PDF

New Jersey 2021 Rainfall Studies Summary

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  • This resource summarizes the findings of two recent studies on extreme rainfall events in New Jersey that update the data in the NOAA Atlas 14 report (a federal report on precipitation from 1950-2000).
  • The first study compared the NOAA Atlas 14 findings to the more recent data and found that extreme rainfall events in New Jersey had increased significantly in most locations. 
  • The second study incorporated the more recent data to predict the frequency of extreme rainfall events in New Jersey for the mid to late 21st century using two different climate scenarios. 

Positives

  • Both of the full-length scientific papers are linked at the top of the summary, which could be used as examples for writing scientific reports or lab reports for an experiment.
  • Though the material is somewhat advanced, the summary is written clearly. 

Additional Prerequisites

  • The summary mentions the NJPACT (New Jersey Protecting Against Climate Threats), but does not go into detail describing the purpose of the pact.
  • The table and the map contain data from the second study only.

Differentiation

  • English classes could use this summary as a science-based reading comprehension exercise.
  • Science classes could discuss the methods used in both studies. Students could write a paragraph explaining the differences between a study that reviews data that has already been collected and a study that predicts future data based on past patterns. 
  • Other resources on this topic include this video on how climate change will affect agriculture in New Jersey, this lesson on the importance of precipitation and temperature in maintaining ecosystems, and this resource from Rutgers University on the climate of New Jersey. 
This resource highlights the percentage change in rainfall patterns across New Jersey counties. It attempts to update rainfall datasets from previous records and shows the return period and projections for each interval. The degree of confidence to predict the likelihood of recurrence is improved when datasets used are more recent. This is equally useful to predict and respond to storm events. This resource is technical for non-climate scientists, especially in calculating the Change Factors, running averages, and percentiles, though its insightful. Non-climate scientists can leverage the maps to gain insights on the spatial variability, as this aspect is non-technical. This is recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • English Language Arts
    • Reading: Science & Technical Subjects (6-12)
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.2 Determine the central ideas, themes, or conclusions of a text; trace the text's explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text.
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.6 Determine the author's purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text, defining the question the author seeks to address.
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.10 By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 9-10 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.2 Determine the central ideas, themes, or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.6 Analyze the author's purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text, identifying important issues that remain unresolved.
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.10 By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.
  • Science
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • HS-ESS2-2. Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth’s systems.
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