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Project Drawdown


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Earth and Space Sciences, Engineering

Resource Type

  • Article

Regional Focus


Other Energy

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  • This brief summary discusses greenhouse gas emissions from mining, producing, refining, and transporting fossil fuels and links to more information about reducing fugitive methane emissions.
  • Students will learn that most greenhouse gas emissions come from electricity and heat production, a portion of methane emissions come from the transmission of fossil fuels, and improved methane leak management can noticeably reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Teaching Tips


  • This article mentions key differences between methane and carbon dioxide.
  • This article does a good job of introducing key concepts in a concise manner.

Additional Prerequisites

  • If you're looking for more details on this topic, click the "Methane Leak Management" tab under the article.
  • It may be helpful if students already know all of the major greenhouse gases.


  • Teachers can use this article as a conceptual introduction to methane emissions and their impact on the environment.
  • To assess prior knowledge, the teacher can ask the class questions about greenhouse gases (that aren't CO2) before reading the article.
  • This article can augment a classroom discussion on how societies can move away from fossil fuels altogether.
  • This article can support a classroom discussion on why businesses are hesitant to improve their methane leak management.
Scientist Notes
This resource from Project Drawdown explores the effectiveness and cost of methane leak management in the oil and natural gas supply chains. This resource does a good job of explaining sources of methane emissions, as well the importance of reducing these emissions given that methane causes nearly 30 times as much warming as carbon dioxide over one hundred years. This resource is recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • English Language Arts
    • Reading: Informational Text (K-12)
      • RI.11-12.2 Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development and how they interact to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
    • ETS1: Engineering Design
      • HS-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
    • LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
      • HS-LS2-7. Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity.
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