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Database Provider


New York DEP


3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th


Science, Earth and Space Sciences

Resource Types

  • Lesson Plans
  • Worksheets
  • Activity - Classroom
  • Videos
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - Northeast, New York, New York City



Recording Weather and Climate

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  • In this lesson, students learn about the difference between weather and climate by collecting weather data and comparing this with published weather and climate data for their area.
  • Students will learn about microclimates and weather monitoring through analysis and discussion.
Teaching Tips


  • Students will practice their data collection and graphing skills in this lesson.
  • This lesson provides thorough background information to deepen teacher and student understanding of the topic.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students must collect temperature data for 2-4 weeks before beginning the graphing, analysis, and discussion portion.
  • Students should be familiar with reading thermometers and graphing.
  • Teachers will need to print copies of the worksheets for students.
  • Students will need thermometers, graph paper, and computers with internet access.


  • Earth science classes can use this lesson to introduce weather vs. climate.
  • Despite the focus on New York City weather and climate, teachers anywhere in the United States can easily use this lesson by searching their city in the Climate Explorer and National Weather Service databases.
  • Older students can work independently or in small groups to collect temperature data.
  • Young students or students who struggle to read a thermometer may benefit from using a digital thermometer.
Scientist Notes
The ability to decipher the quality of data is a necessary skill. An aspect of that is knowing where the data comes from and how it is collected. This resource will introduce students to this topic and is well-cited and accurate. This resource is recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • Mathematics
    • Data Literacy (K-5)
      • 4.DL.B.5 Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. For example, from a line plot find and interpret the difference in length between the longest and shortest specimens in an insect collection.
    • Statistics & Probability (6-8)
      • 6.SP.A.2 Understand that a set of data collected to answer a statistical question has a distribution which can be described by its center, spread, and overall shape.
  • Science
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • 3-ESS2-1. Represent data in tables and graphical displays to describe typical weather conditions expected during a particular season.
      • 3-ESS2-2. Obtain and combine information to describe climates in different regions of the world.
      • MS-ESS2-5. Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.
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