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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser, Our World in Data


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Share of Electricity Production by Source

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  • This interactive chart shows data on global electricity production by source (coal, oil, gas, solar, wind, hydropower, nuclear, other renewables). The graph represents the data by the proportion of total production contributed by each source.
  • The site contains an additional tab which presents the data in a table view, by country, comparing 1985 data to 2020 data.
  • Users can choose to view one country's electricity production breakdowns at at time or global data all at once on the chart.
Teaching Tips


  • Data is represented in multiple ways through graphs and tables.
  • Data is available for download.
  • The user can choose which country they would like to see represented and data goes back multiple decades, showing a change over time.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should be able to read line graphs to understand the data.
  • Students should understand the difference between renewable and nonrenewable energy.


  • Have students analyze the change in the primary electricity sources over time for different countries. Can they notice trends of increased renewables?
  • Students could work in partners to discuss their thoughts and observations they notice when reviewing the data.
  • Students could research energy production further to determine why certain countries rely more heavily on certain resources.
Scientist Notes

The resource evaluates share of electricity production in the world. Electricity mix data of BP was used. However, this is appropriate. Hence, students can explore the chart to visualize units of energy produced in different countries. This resource is suitable for teaching.


This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • Science
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • HS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-4. Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.
  • Mathematics
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • HSS.IC.B.6(+) Evaluate reports based on data (e.g., interrogate study design, data sources, randomization, the way the data are analyzed and displayed, inferences drawn and methods used; identify and explain misleading uses of data; recognize when arguments based on data are flawed).
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