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Project Drawdown


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Earth and Space Sciences, Engineering

Resource Type

  • Article

Regional Focus



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  • This sector summary introduces many ways humans can modify their infrastructure, mode of transport, or need for mobility in order to reduce emissions.
  • Over a dozen transportation solutions are presented in the sector and links to each are provided at the bottom of the page.
Teaching Tips


  • Teachers will find links to information that could complete an entire unit on transportation solutions.
  • The feasibility and timing of the solutions is briefly mentioned and the estimated reduction in emissions is presented for the entire sector.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Teachers may wish to begin instruction with a brief discussion of how transportation affects climate change. 
  • A definition list will be helpful for unfamiliar terms.


  • This article and the accompanying solutions can be used in social studies classes studying human behavior.
  • Small-group instruction can be used to have the groups research transportation solutions related to the issue of climate change.
  • English classes will be able to use the data to create argumentative or explanatory essays regarding the impact of transportation on the environment.
  • Urban planning and design students can use this introductory article to explore transportation design solutions for urban and rural communities.
Scientist Notes
This resource from Project Drawdown presents a comprehensive set of strategies to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transportation sector. The resource begins with the ubiquity of petroleum fuel in the transportation sector and the air pollution and GHG emissions that result. A set of thirteen solutions are then presented that focus on a shift to alternative forms of transportation, increased efficiency, and electrification. Each solution is formatted like a research paper and addresses opportunities, adoption, emissions, and finances. This resource is exceptionally well-sourced and presents an opportunity for students to investigate the solutions that are personally of interest. This resource is recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • English Language Arts
    • Reading: Informational Text (K-12)
      • RI.9-10.1 Accurately cite strong and thorough textual evidence (e.g., via discussion, written response, etc.) and make relevant connections to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferentially, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.
    • Reading: Science & Technical Subjects (6-12)
      • RST.11-12.7 Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., quantitative data, video, multimedia) in order to address a question or solve a problem.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
    • ETS1: Engineering Design
      • HS-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
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