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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Data

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Which Countries Get More of Their Energy from Low-Carbon Sources than the Global Average?

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  • This interactive resource provides students with the opportunity to explore a global map, customizable chart, or data table that displays which countries have gotten more of their energy from nuclear, hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, wave, and tidal sources.
  • The chart provides the world average on a line graph over time, with the ability to add countries to the graph.
  • The global map provides a color-coded legend and can be viewed by year.
  • The table provides the data, the absolute change in values over time, and the relative change in values.
Teaching Tips


  • This resource is customizable and shows how the proportion of low-carbon energy in countries has changed over time, allowing students to see progress being made.
  • The map and chart functions are very easy to use and should be easy for students to comprehend.
  • The data table allows you to sort any column in alphabetical or ascending/descending order.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should know how to read a line graph and interpret the legend on a map.


  • This resource could be utilized in a math class as it provides a data table and chart function.
  • Cross-curricular connections could be made with social studies classes when connecting the improvements in air quality and quality of life with the increasing use of renewable energy sources.
Scientist Notes

Students can get insights on tidal and wave energy and other sources of energy. Datasets were normalized based on a conversion factor of 277.778. This resource is recommended for teaching.


This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • Mathematics
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
    • Statistics & Probability: Using Probability to Make Decisions (9-12)
      • HSS.MD.B.7 Analyze decisions and strategies using probability concepts (e.g., product testing, medical testing, pulling a hockey goalie at the end of a game).
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-4. Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
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