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Kurzgesagt - In a Nutshell


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Social Studies, History

Resource Type

  • Videos, 10 minutes, 35 seconds, CC, Subtitles

Regional Focus



YouTube Video

Who Is Responsible For Climate Change? – Who Needs To Fix It?

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  • This animated video details the historic emissions of carbon by country and current emissions detailed in a variety of different ways, including by country, per capita, income level, and developed versus developing.   
  • It highlights the difficulties in getting global cooperation on reducing carbon emissions when some countries have contributed more to the problem than others and everyone is doing some finger-pointing.
  • It presents solutions for the global community and indicates that all countries must do more to prevent catastrophic climate shifts that will affect everyone.
  • The video utilizes many graphs and maps and draws many comparisons that could be useful in addressing a variety of questions.
Teaching Tips


  • This resource provides a visually interesting and informative medium to learn about current and historical carbon emissions, as well as the challenges the world faces in gaining adequate cooperation from all countries to address climate change.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should have some basic geography knowledge and be familiar with the topics of climate change and carbon emissions.


  • This resource has many cross-curricular opportunities, is rich in data, and is short enough to include in a number of lesson plans or assignments.
Scientist Notes
This video shows historical emissions of CO2 from big polluters in relation to increasing population and demand for energy and high standard of living. This resource is suitable to provide insights to students to understand baseline and actual global emission and proffer solutions to a net zero emission target. The resource and data output is accurate and recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • Social Studies
    • World History: Global Studies - Civics, Government, and Human Rights
      • 6.2.12.CivicsHR.6.b: Make an evidence-based argument on the tensions between national sovereignty and global priorities regarding economic development and environmental sustainability and its impact on human rights.
    • World History: Global Studies - Geography, People, and the Environment
      • 6.2.8.GeoHE.4.b: Use geographic models to determine the impact of environmental modifications made by earlier civilizations on the current day environmental challenges.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-3. Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
  • Related Resources


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    • This video is fantastic! Most of my high school students were unaware of the concept of per capita emissions. They were shocked at the levels of global inequality. Kurzgesagt's beautiful animation really brings this concept to life.
      2 years ago