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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser, Our World in Data


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Data

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Electricity Production by Source

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  • This interactive chart shows data on global electricity production by source (coal, oil, gas, solar, wind, hydropower, other renewables). 
  • The site contains an additional tab which presents the data in a table view, by country, comparing 1985 data to 2020 data.
  • Users can choose to view one country's electricity production at at time or global data all at once on the chart.
Teaching Tips


  • Data is represented in multiple ways through graphs and tables.
  • Data is available for download.
  • The user can choose which country they would like to see represented. Data goes back multiple decades, showing a change over time.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should be able to read line graphs to understand the data.
  • Students should understand the difference between renewable and nonrenewable energy.


  • Have students analyze the change in electricity sources over time for different countries. Can they notice trends of increased renewables?
  • Students could work in partners to discuss their thoughts and observations they notice when reviewing the data.
  • Students could research energy production further to determine why certain countries rely more heavily on certain resources.
Scientist Notes

The resource displays electricity production by sources from fossil fuels, biomass, geothermal, waste, wind, and other renewables. Students can explore the chart to visualize units of energy produced in different countries. Datasets and method used are valid and suitable for teaching.


This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • Mathematics
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
  • Science
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • HS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-4. Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.
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